Cole, 2 vols. Shugrue, Selected Writings, edited by James T. Other writings: novels including Robinson Crusoe, ; Moll Flanders, ; A Journal of the Plague Year, ; Roxana, , poetry, and many tracts, pamphlets, broadsides, and other journalism. Bibliographies Moore, John R. Further Reading Backscheider, Paula R. Please contact the author for suggestions or further informations: architects.
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RSS - Posts. No cover image. Read FREE! Excerpt Of all the writings delivered in an historical manner to the world, none certainly were ever held in greater esteem than those which give us the lives of distinguished private men at full length; and, as I may say, to the life. Leo Lemay University of Pennsylvania Press, Read preview Overview. Read Overview.
The whigs, however, who suspected Oxford, and regarded Defoe as a hireling renegade, would not forgive Oxford's supporter, though he might be a sincere defender of the Hanoverian succession. Defoe was prosecuted for a libel. The judges declared that the pamphlets were treasonable, and Defoe was committed to prison 22 April , but obtained a pardon under the great seal. He had probably received some hint of the Schism Act, passed in the next session, in spite of Oxford's opposition, by the extremer tories. Defoe warmly eulogised the new king upon the death of Anne 1 Aug.
The assertion produced an immediate prosecution for libel. While his trial was pending, Defoe wrote, apparently in September Lee , i. Oldmixon says that Defoe composed it by Oxford's direction, and it is assigned to him by Mr. In November, Defoe's fellow-prisoners received sentence. Defoe himself escaped by a singular arrangement. Parker, who had been one of his judges in , put him in communication with Lord Townshend, then secretary of state.
1660 - 1731
Defoe again entered the employment of the government. It was not published, but circulated in manuscript, and was a favourite organ of the high church party. On 13 Dec. Mist published a Jacobite letter in spite of Defoe's protest on 25 Oct. He was arrested, but released by Defoe's influence.
Complete Works of Daniel Defoe (Delphi Classics) - eBook - swalnafordoci.tk
Mist was again arrested in June Defoe managed the paper during his imprisonment, but from this time took comparatively little share in the paper. His last article appeared 24 Oct. Defoe contributed to other papers at the same time. From the date of his second period of employment under Harley, Defoe became anonymous. The reason clearly was that he was from that time regarded as a renegade. No man has a right to make such a sacrifice; and if not precisely a spy, Mist and Mist's friends would hardly draw the distinction.
The political questions were now less absorbing than in the earlier period, and Defoe's writings were in great part of a non-political character. He was an adept in all the arts of journalism, and with amazing fertility wrote upon every topic likely to attract public curiosity. Defoe sold his book to William Taylor, a publisher, who made a large sum by it.
A fourth edition appeared on 8 Aug. Lee, i. It needs no confutation. He was much occupied in the following year with the various developments of the South Sea mania. In he published two pamphlets about another deaf and dumb soothsayer, Duncan Campbell [q.
A manuscript transcript of this came into the hands of C. He ingeniously induced Sheppard, when actually under the gallows, to give a paper to a friend, apparently Defoe himself, with which the published pamphlet professed to be identical Lee , i. In other books he dispensed with an historical basis. Lee attributes a moral purpose to Defoe in these accounts of rogues and harlots, and it must be admitted that Defoe tacks some kind of moral to stories which show no great delicacy of moral feeling, and the publication of which is easily explicable by lower motives.
Mead, who had been appointed to report upon desirable precautions. Two other remarkable books have been assigned to Defoe. Andrew Newport d. As the cavalier says that he was born in , and served under Gustavus Adolphus, the identification is impossible some letters of Andrew Newport are given in Hist. The account of the civil wars contains many errors, and might have been easily compiled from published documents, while the personal anecdotes introduced are much in the style of Defoe.
The authorship must be doubtful. The memoirs of Captain George Carleton [q. Defoe wrote memoirs of Daniel Williams, founder of the library for Curll in ; and Curll also published the history of Duncan Campbell in It is remarkable that at this period, Defoe if Mr. The author complains of the indecency of contemporary literature in a strain which comes rather oddly from the author of catch-penny lives of criminals. Defoe, however, was in his own view a sincere and zealous moralist. His books upon such topics were voluminous and popular. It is of the kind current in his class, and apparently sincere as far as it goes.
Defoe's religious views, otherwise those of the orthodox dissenters, were marked by a queer admixture of popular superstition.grupoavigase.com/includes/324/2864-ligar-para-um.php
Defoe, Daniel (DNB00)
Defoe's writings are of the highest value as an historical indication of the state of the middle and lower classes of his time. Defoe had been a diligent journalist until The attacks in the press provoked by his apparent apostasy had died out about Lee , i. At the end of , Mist was for a fourth time in prison.
While there he drew his sword upon Defoe, who repelled the attack, wounded Mist, and then brought a surgeon to dress the wound Lee , i. In all probability Mist had discovered Defoe's relations with the government, and failed to see that they called for gratitude. Soon afterwards Defoe's writings in newspapers ceased.
In June he had adopted the pseudonym of Andrew Moreton, which he afterwards used frequently for purposes of concealment. He appears at this period to have been fairly prosperous. He apparently had some permanent connection with Newington. Henry Baker, F. He paid 10 l. Some transactions, fully detailed by Mr. Lee from the original deeds Lee , i. When Baker proposed to marry his daughter, Defoe had some difficulty in providing ready money for the settlements, but ultimately gave sufficient securities.
Some catastrophe which must have happened soon afterwards is only known from a letter written to Baker first printed by Wilson , and dated 12 Aug. The allusions are far from clear, and the letter gives ground for some suspicion that Defoe's intellect was partly unsettled. Lee's conjectural explanation is certainly not improbable. Mist had escaped to France in the beginning of , where he lived with the Duke of Wharton. He may have revenged himself upon his old enemy by somehow conveying to the English government a charge of disloyalty against Defoe.
Defoe's letters in show his sense that such a misinterpretation of his dealings with the Jacobites was possible, as the letters are intended to place his true position on record. Those who had been privy to the original compact were dead or out of office. Defoe may have feared that he would be seriously charged with treason and be unable to prove that he was only treacherous to the Jacobites.
This, however, is conjectural. He was buried in Bunhill Fields. His wife was buried in the same place on 19 Dec. An obelisk was erected in Bunhill Fields in A full account of his descendants till is given by Wilson iii.